AskDefine | Define deliberate

Dictionary Definition

deliberate adj
1 by conscious design or purpose; "intentional damage"; "a knowing attempt to defraud"; "a willful waste of time" [syn: intentional, knowing, willful, wilful]
2 with care and dignity; "walking at the same measured pace"; "with all deliberate speed" [syn: careful, measured]
3 produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation; "a studied smile"; "a note of biting irony and studied insult"- V.L.Parrington [syn: studied] [ant: unstudied]
4 marked by careful consideration or reflection; "a deliberate decision"
5 carefully thought out in advance; "a calculated insult"; "with measured irony" [syn: calculated, measured]


1 think about carefully; weigh; "They considered the possibility of a strike"; "Turn the proposal over in your mind" [syn: consider, debate, moot, turn over]
2 discuss the pros and cons of an issue [syn: debate]

User Contributed Dictionary



  • sense Adjective
    • , /dɪˈlɪbərət/, /dI"lIb@r@t/
    • , /dəˈlɪbərət/, /d@"lIb@r@t/
  • sense Verb
    • , /dɪˈlɪbəreɪt/, /dI"lIb@reIt/
    • , /dəˈlɪbəreɪt/, /d@"lIb@reIt/
    • (verb sense)


  1. Done on purpose; intentional.
    Tripping me was deliberate action.
  2. Of a person, weighing facts and arguments with a view to a choice or decision; carefully considering the probable consequences of a step; circumspect; slow in determining.
    The jury took eight hours to deliberate upon the guilt of the accused.
  3. Formed with deliberation; well-advised; carefully considered; not sudden or rash.
    The opinion resulted in a deliberate measure.
  4. Not hasty or sudden; slow.
    The prime minister resided over the cautious, deliberate action.


of a person, carefully considering the probable consequences of a step
  • German: wohlerwogen, wohlüberlegt
carefully considered
not hasty or sudden
  • Finnish: verkkainen, harkittu
  • German: bedacht, bedachtsam, vorsichtig
  • French: délibéré


  1. To consider carefully.
    It is now time for the jury to deliberate the guilt of the defendant.


consider carefully




Extensive Definition

This article refers to legal deliberation; for other meanings of the word refer to its Wiktionary entry.
Legal deliberation is the process in which a jury in a trial in court discusses in private the findings of the court and decides by vote with which argument to agree of either opposing side. As in public deliberation (or "deliberative democracy"), legal deliberation is a form of communication which emphasizes the use of logic and reasoning (as opposed to power, coercion or emotion) to make sound decisions.
In criminal matters, this can involve both rendering a verdict and determining the appropriate sentence. In civil cases, the decision is whether to agree with the plaintiff or the defendant and the amount and nature of the results of the trial.
Typically, a jury must come to a unanimous decision before delivering a verdict; however, there are exceptions. When a unanimous decision is not reached and the jury feels that one is not possible, they declare themselves a 'hung jury', a mistrial is declared and the trial will have to be redone at the discretion of the plaintiff.
One of the most famous dramatic examples of this phase of a trial in practice is the film 12 Angry Men.
It has also been said that the longer a jury takes while deliberating a verdict, the lower the success rate for the prosecution.
deliberate in German: Deliberation
deliberate in Spanish: Deliberación
deliberate in Norwegian: Deliberasjon

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

advise with, advised, aforethought, aimed, aimed at, air, ambling, analyze, back down, balance, bargain, be abstracted, brood, brood over, calculated, call in, calm, canny, canvass, careful, cautious, chaw, chew over, chew the cud, circumspect, claudicant, cold-blooded, collected, collogue, comment upon, compare notes, composed, con over, confer, confer with, confident, conscious, consider, considerate, considered, consult, consult with, contemplate, contemplated, controvert, cool, counsel, crawling, creeping, creeping like snail, deal with, debate, deliberate over, deliberate upon, deliberated, demur, designed, digest, discourse about, discreet, discuss, discuss with, dispassionate, easy, envisaged, envisioned, even, examine, exchange observations, exchange views, falter, faltering, fastidious, fear, flagging, foot-dragging, foresighted, forethoughtful, gentle, gingerly, go into, gradual, guarded, halting, handle, hang back, hasteless, have conversations, heedful, hem and haw, hesitant, hesitate, hobbled, hobbling, hold conference, hover, hum and haw, idle, imperturbable, inactive, indolent, intended, intentional, introspect, investigate, jib, judicious, knock around, knowing, languid, languorous, lazy, leaving out nothing, leisurely, limping, lumbering, meant, measured, meditate, meditate upon, meditated, methodical, meticulous, mindful, moderate, mull, mull over, muse, muse on, muse over, negotiate, noncommittal, of design, on guard, orderly, overlooking no possibility, paced, painstaking, palaver, parley, pass under review, pause, pawky, perpend, planned, play around with, play with, poking, poky, politic, ponder, ponder over, powwow, prearranged, preconceived, premeditated, prepense, projected, proposed, provident, prudent, pull back, punctilious, purposed, purposeful, purposive, put heads together, rap, reason, reason about, reason the point, reason with, refer to, reflect, reflect over, regardful, regular, relaxed, reluctant, retreat, review, revolve, ruminate, ruminate over, run over, safe, sauntering, schemed, scruple, scrupulous, serene, shilly-shally, shuffling, shy, sift, sit down together, sit down with, slack, slothful, slow, slow as death, slow as molasses, slow as slow, slow to act, slow-crawling, slow-foot, slow-going, slow-legged, slow-moving, slow-paced, slow-poky, slow-running, slow-sailing, slow-stepped, sluggish, snail-paced, snaillike, speculate, staggering, steady, stick at, stickle, stop to consider, straddle the fence, strain at, strolling, studied, studious, study, sure, systematic, take counsel, take up, take up with, talk, talk about, talk of, talk over, teleological, tentative, think about, think over, think twice about, thorough, thought-out, thoughtful, thresh out, toddling, tortoiselike, tottering, toy with, treat, trudging, turn over, turtlelike, unadventurous, uncommunicative, undaring, unenterprising, unfaltering, unhasty, unhesitating, unhurried, unprecipitate, unruffled, ventilate, voluntary, waddling, weigh, willful, withdraw, witting, yield
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